Articles | Volume 34, issue 1
Eur. J. Mineral., 34, 59–75, 2022

Special issue: Probing the Earth: experiments and mineral physics at mantle...

Eur. J. Mineral., 34, 59–75, 2022

Review article 26 Jan 2022

Review article | 26 Jan 2022

Carbon-saturated COH fluids in the upper mantle: a review of high-pressure and high-temperature ex situ experiments

Carla Tiraboschi et al.

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Cited articles

Aerts, M., Hack, A. C., Reusser, E., and Ulmer, P.: Assessment of the diamond-trap method for studying high-pressure fluids and melts and an improved freezing stage design for laser ablation ICP-MS analysis, Am. Mineral., 95, 1523–1526, 2010. 
Akaishi, M. and Yamaoka, S.: Crystallization of diamond from C-O-H fluids under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, J. Cryst. Growth, 209, 999–1003,, 2000. 
Akaishi, M., Shaji Kumar, M. D., Kanda, K., and Yamaoka, S.: Formation process of diamond from supercritical H2O-CO2 fluid under high pressure and high temperature conditions, Diam. Relat. Mater., 9, 1945–1950,, 2000. 
Andersen, T. and Neumann, E. R.: Fluid inclusions in mantle xenoliths, Lithos, 55, 301–320,, 2001. 
Aoya, M., Kouketsu, Y., Endo, S., Shimizu, H., Mizukami, T., Nakamura, D., and Wallis, S.: Extending the applicability of the Raman carbonaceous-material geothermometer using data from contact metamorphic rocks, J. Metamorph. Geol., 28(9), 895–914,, 2010. 
Short summary
This review provides an overview of ex situ carbon-saturated COH fluid experiments at upper-mantle conditions. Several authors experimentally investigated the effect of COH fluids. However, fluid composition is rarely tackled as a quantitative issue, and rather infrequently fluids are analyzed as the associated solid phases in the experimental assemblage. Recently, improved techniques have been proposed for analyses of COH fluids, leading to significant advancement in fluid characterization.