Articles | Volume 33, issue 3
Eur. J. Mineral., 33, 249–282, 2021
Eur. J. Mineral., 33, 249–282, 2021

Review article 03 May 2021

Review article | 03 May 2021

Defects in olivine

Sylvie Demouchy

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Cited articles

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Agrell, S. O., Charnley, N. R., and Chinner, G. A.: Phosphoran olivine from Pine Canyon, Piute Co, Utah, Min. Mag., 62, 265–269,, 1998. 
Alard, O., Griffin, W. L., Lorand, J. P., Jackson, S. E., and O'Reilly, S, Y.: Non-chondritic distribution of the highly siderophile element in mantle sulphides, Nature, 407, 891–894,, 2000. 
Albarède, F.: Volatile accretion history of the terrestrial planets and dynamic implications. Nature, 461, 1227–1233., 2009. 
Annersten, H., Adetunji, J., and Filippidis, A.: Cation ordering in Fe-Mn silicate olivines, Am. Mineral. 69, 1110–1115, 1984. 
Short summary
Olivine, a ferromagnesian orthosilicate, is the most abundant mineral in Earth’s upper mantle but also in Mars' and Venus'. The olivine atomic structure is also used to manufacture lithium batteries. Like any other crystalline solid, olivine never occurs with a perfect crystalline structure: defects in various dimensions are ubiquitous. In this contribution, I review the current state of the art of defects in olivine and several implications for key processes in geodynamics.