Articles | Volume 34, issue 6
Eur. J. Mineral., 34, 563–572, 2022
Eur. J. Mineral., 34, 563–572, 2022
Research article
18 Nov 2022
Research article | 18 Nov 2022

Tin weathering experiment set by nature for 300 years: natural crystals of the anthropogenic mineral hydroromarchite from Creussen, Bavaria, Germany

Natalia Dubrovinskaia et al.

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Cited articles

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Berger, D., Soles, J. S., Giumlia-Mair, A. R., Brügmann, G., Galili, E., Lockhoff, N., and Pernicka, E.: Isotope systematics and chemical composition of tin ingots from Mochlos (Crete) and other Late Bronze Age sites in the eastern Mediterranean Sea: An ultimate key to tin provenance?, PloS ONE, 14, e0218326,, 2019. 
CrysAlisPro Software System: Version, Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, Oxford, UK, 2019. 
Di Martino, D., Cippo, E. P., Kockelmann, W., Scherillo, A., Minniti, T., Lorenzi, R., Malagodi, M., Merlo, C., Rovetta, T., Fichera, G. V., and Albano, M.: A multidisciplinary non-destructive study of historical pipe organ fragments, Mater. Charact., 148, 317–322, 2019. 
Donaldson, J. D.: Crystalline hydrous tin (II) oxide, Acta Crystallogr., 14, p. 65,, 1961. 
Short summary
In this work we report a new locality for the rare mineral hydroromarchite, Sn3O2(OH)2. It was found not in a submarine environment but in soil at the Saint James Church archaeological site in Creussen, Germany. A tin artefact (a tin button) was exposed to weathering in soil for about 300 years. We solved and refined its structure based on single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.