Special issue |
Probing the Earth: reviews of OH groups in anhydrous and hydrous minerals
Editor(s): Patrick Cordier, Etienne Balan, István Kovács, and Roland StalderMore information
OH bonds are present in a wide variety of minerals in the form of structural units or as point defects. In this special issue we invite authors to submit papers providing overviews of recent research on OH in minerals. The reviews may address any specific aspects of OH in minerals: crystallography, speciation, impact on mineral properties, quantitative analyses, natural occurrence, geological implications, or any other relevant topics. This special issue is open to any kind of minerals, hydrous or anhydrous. Papers can focus on any specific envelope of the Earth from soil to the deepest part of the planet.
Eur. J. Mineral., 33, 145–163, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-33-145-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-33-145-2021, 2021
Hydrous defects in quartz contain important information regarding the origin and history of individual grains. This article summarises the findings from experimental work and analysis of natural material over the past 60 years, and results are interpreted with respect to igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary processes.
Eur. J. Mineral., 33, 39–75, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-33-39-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-33-39-2021, 2021
Water plays an important role in the physical properties (i.e., diffusivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, sound velocity, and rheology) of olivine, wadsleyite, and ringwoodite. Remarkably, there are numerous discrepancies and debates between experimental and theoretical studies. Here we provide a comprehensive review of the recent advances in the influence of water on the physical properties of olivine, wadsleyite, and ringwoodite, together with their applications.